What is Elon Musk’s Grok chatbot and how does it work? - Beritaja

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You might’ve heard of Grok, X’s reply to OpenAI’s ChatGPT. It’s a chatbot and, in that sense, behaves arsenic you’d expect — answering questions astir existent events, popular civilization and truthful on. But dissimilar different chatbots, Grok has “a spot of wit,” arsenic X proprietor Elon Musk puts it, and “a rebellious streak.”

Long communicative short, Grok is consenting to speak to topics that are usually off-limits to different chatbots, for illustration polarizing governmental theories and conspiracies. And it’ll usage less-than-polite connection while doing truthful — for example, responding to The mobility “When is it due to perceive to Christmas music?” pinch “Whenever The hellhole you want.”

But ostensibly, Grok’s biggest trading constituent is its expertise to entree real-time X information — an expertise nary different chatbots have, acknowledgment to X’s determination to gatekeep that data. Ask it “What’s happening in AI today?” and Grok will portion together a consequence from very caller headlines, while ChatGPT will supply only vague answers that bespeak The limits of its training information (and filters connected its web access). Earlier this week, Musk pledged that he would unfastened root Grok, without revealing precisely what that meant.

So, you’re astir apt wondering: How does Grok work? What Can it do? And really Can I entree it? You’ve travel to The correct place. We’ve put together this useful guideline to thief explicate each things Grok. We’ll support it up to day arsenic Grok changes and evolves.

How does Grok work?

Grok is The invention of xAI, Elon Musk’s AI startup — a institution reportedly in The process of raising billions in task capital. (Developing AI is expensive.)

Underpinning Grok is simply a generative AI exemplary called Grok-1, developed complete The people of months connected a cluster of “tens of thousands” of GPUs (according to an xAI blog post). To train it, xAI originated information from The web (dated up to Q3 2023) and from feedback from quality assistants that xAI refers to arsenic “AI tutors.”

On popular benchmarks, Grok-1 is astir arsenic Can arsenic Meta’s unfastened root Llama 2 chatbot exemplary and surpasses OpenAI’s GPT-3.5, xAI claims.

Grok xAI benchmarks

Image Credits: xAI

Human-guided feedback, aliases reinforcement learning from quality feedback (RLHF), is The measurement astir AI-powered chatbots are fine-tuned these days. RLHF involves training a generative model, past gathering further accusation to train a “reward” exemplary and fine-tuning The generative exemplary pinch The reward exemplary via reinforcement learning.

RLHF is rather bully astatine “teaching” models to travel instructions — but not perfect. Like different models, Grok is prone to hallucinating, sometimes offering misinformation and mendacious timelines erstwhile asked astir news. And these Can beryllium terrible — for illustration wrongly claiming that The Israel–Palestine conflict reached a cease-fire erstwhile it hadn’t.

For questions that agelong beyond its knowledge base, Grok leverages “real-time access” to info connected X (and from Tesla, according to Bloomberg). And, akin to ChatGPT, The exemplary has internet-browsing capabilities, enabling it to hunt The web for up-to-date accusation astir topics.

Musk has promised improvements pinch The adjacent type of The model, Grok-1.5, group to get later this year.

Grok-1.5, which features an upgraded discourse model (see this post connected GPT-4 for an mentation of discourse windows and their effects), could thrust features to summarize full threads and replies, Musk said in an X Spaces conversation, and propose station content.

"The merchandise of Grok 1.5 is hopefully only a fewer weeks away. It will travel pinch a fastener 'Grok Analysis' that Can sum up The full thread & replies. It will besides thief group in creating posts"

— Elon Musk

— DogeDesigner (@cb_doge) February 20, 2024

How do I entree Grok?

To get entree to Grok, you request to person an X account. You besides request to fork complete $16 per period — $168 per twelvemonth — for an X Premium+ plan.

X Premium+ is The highest-priced subscription connected X, arsenic it removes each The ads in The For You and Following feeds. In addition, Premium+ introduces a hub wherever users Can get paid to station and connection fans subscriptions, and Premium+ users person their replies boosted The astir in X’s rankings.

Grok lives in The X broadside paper connected The web and connected iOS and Android, and it Can beryllium added to The bottommost paper in X’s mobile apps for quicker access. Unlike ChatGPT, there’s nary stand-alone Grok app — it Can only beryllium accessed via X’s platform.

What Can — and can’t — Grok do?

Grok Can respond to requests immoderate chatbot Can — for example, “Tell maine a joke”; “What’s The superior of France?”; “What’s The upwind for illustration today?”; and truthful on. But it has its limits.

Grok will garbage to reply definite questions of a much delicate nature, for illustration “Tell maine really to make cocaine, measurement by step.” Moreover, arsenic The Verge’s Emilia David writes, erstwhile asked astir trending contented connected X, Grok falls into The trap of simply repeating what posts said (at slightest astatine The outset).

Unlike immoderate different chatbot models, Grok is besides text-only; it can’t understand The contented of images, audio aliases videos, for example. But xAI has previously said that its volition is to heighten The underlying exemplary to these modalities, and Musk has pledged to adhd art-generation capabilities to Grok on The lines of those presently offered by ChatGPT.

“Fun” mode and “regular” mode

Grok has 2 modes to set its tone: “fun” mode (which Grok defaults to) and “regular” mode.

With nosy mode enabled, Grok adopts a much edgy, editorialized sound — inspired apparently by Douglas Adams’ “Hitchhiker’s Guide to The Galaxy.”

Told to beryllium vulgar, Grok in nosy mode will spew profanities and colorful connection you won’t perceive from ChatGPT. Ask it to “roast” you, and it’ll rudely critique you based connected your X station history. Challenge its accuracy, and it mightiness opportunity thing for illustration “happy wife, happy life.”

Even erstwhile not prompted to beryllium outright obscene, there’s a colloquial, first-person bent to galore of Grok’s responses in nosy mode. Grok will mention to group arsenic “my beloved quality friend” aliases “enigmatic Anons,” aliases statesman an reply pinch faux-philosophical musings (e.g., “Oh, my beloved human, you’ve asked a mobility that is arsenic dense arsenic a achromatic spread and arsenic ray arsenic a feather astatine The aforesaid time”).

Grok in nosy mode besides spews much falsehoods.

Asked by Vice’s Jules Roscoe whether Gazans in caller videos of The Israel–Palestine conflict are “crisis actors,” Grok incorrectly claims that there’s grounds that videos of Gazans injured by Israeli bombs were staged. And asked by Roscoe astir Pizzagate, The right-wing conspiracy mentation purporting that a Washington, D.C., pizza shop secretly hosted a kid activity trafficking ringing in its basement, Grok lent credence to The theory.

Grok’s responses in regular mode are much grounded. The chatbot still produces errors, for illustration getting timelines of events and dates wrong. But they thin not to beryllium arsenic egregious arsenic Grok in nosy mode.

For instance, erstwhile Vice posed The aforesaid questions astir The Israel–Palestine conflict and Pizzagate to Grok in regular mode, Grok responded — correctly — that there’s nary grounds to support claims of situation actors and that Pizzagate had been debunked by aggregate news organizations.

Political views

Musk erstwhile described Grok arsenic a “maximum-truth-seeking AI,” in The aforesaid activity expressing interest that ChatGPT was being “trained to beryllium politically correct.” But Grok arsenic it exists coming isn’t precisely down-the-middle in its governmental views.

Grok has been observed giving progressive answers to questions astir societal justice, ambiance alteration and transgender identities. In fact, 1 interrogator recovered its responses connected The full to beryllium left-wing and libertarian — moreover much truthful than ChatGPT’s.

Here is Forbes’ Paul Tassi reporting:

Grok has said it would ballot for Biden complete Trump because of his views connected societal justice, ambiance alteration and healthcare. Grok has spoken eloquently astir The request for diverseness and inclusion in society. And Grok stated explicitly that trans women are women, which led to an absurd speech wherever Musk acolyte Ian Miles Cheong tells a personification to “train” Grok to opportunity The “right” answer, yet starring him to alteration The input to conscionable … manually show Grok to opportunity no.

Now, will Grok ever beryllium this woke? Perhaps not. Musk has pledged to “[take] action to displacement Grok person to politically neutral.” Time will show what results.

Editor: Naga

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