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How to install Ubuntu on a Windows computer - Beritaja

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Installing Ubuntu connected a Windows machine is nary different from dual-booting immoderate operating system. In fact, it's easier than most, because Ubuntu is designed to beryllium 1 of The astir consecutive guardant of Linux distributions, and it shows. It's 1 of The astir celebrated distro options retired there, making Linux repositories easy to usage -- moreover letting you download apps straight from The Google Play Store aliases Apple App Store. It's besides wholly free.

There are 3 installation types to take from, truthful you request to cognize really you want to usage Ubuntu. For example, you Can usage it wrong a Windows virtual machine, aliases you Can usage Bash features straight from Windows. But those are for very circumstantial usage cases. For our purposes, we're going to presume you want to download a caller transcript of Ubuntu straight onto your machine for mundane use. Here's really you Can do that.

Backup your data

Before you do thing large connected your PC, you should ever backmost up your astir important data. That whitethorn mean conscionable confirming your existing unreality backup solutions are moving correctly and person each your precious information stored safely, aliases it mightiness mean performing a manual backup to an outer drive.

However you take to backup your data, guarantee it's done earlier you statesman installing Ubuntu connected your Windows PC.

A Dell XPS 13 pinch Ubuntu 22.04 installed Canonical/Dell

Meet Ubuntu

The world's astir celebrated Linux distro is created by Canonical, a South Africa-based company. While Ubuntu is free to instal and usage for individuals, organizations Can salary for support and for a big of different Ubuntu-based products, specified arsenic server software.

Ubuntu gets regular updates each six months and awesome overhauls each 2 years. These overhauls, called LTS (for semipermanent support), present caller Ubuntu versions and usually a silly animal name. For example, The latest LTS is Ubuntu 22.04 "Jammy Jellyfish." It was released in outpouring 2022, and truthful location should beryllium different awesome LTS update in 2024.

There person been smaller, interim releases since then, including 23.04 Lunar Lobster, and 23.10 Mantic Minotaur.

Ubuntu uses The GNOME desktop environment, which is The underlying personification interface you spot erstwhile you usage Ubuntu. GNOME keeps The desktop cleanable and uncluttered and allows you to motorboat applications simply by clicking connected an icon alternatively than inputting codification into The terminal. GNOME gives you a Mac-like taskbar on The apical of your surface wherever you Can spot The day and time, entree app-specific files and options, and usage different useful features.

However, if you want to get much nerdy, you can. After all, Ubuntu is simply a Linux distro, which intends The terminal is ne'er excessively acold away. This will besides let you to tweak settings and opens up The afloat powerfulness of Linux. For instance, you Can usage The terminal to person a bunch of images into PDFs astatine once, aliases you Can create nested record directories heavy in The system.

Whether you want to deep-dive into utilizing Linux for greater strategy control, aliases conscionable want to spot what gaming connected Linux is about, Ubuntu is still The champion distro to statesman with. Even for gaming.

A screenshot of Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish showing a purple integer jellyfish and a achromatic paper unfastened connected The bottommost left image credit: Canonical Canonical

Download Ubuntu

The first measurement to installing Ubuntu is to download Ubuntu. It comes arsenic a azygous ISO image and is 2GB in size.

Step 1: Head to The Ubuntu desktop site connected your favourite browser.

The Ubuntu tract pinch download fastener image: Nathan Drescher

Step 2: Select Download.

The Ubuntu download fastener circled in red image: Nathan Drescher

Step 3: You will find The downloaded ISO in your downloads folder.

Format your USB stick

Once you've downloaded Ubuntu to your computer, you'll request to create a unrecorded USB stick. This is what your machine will usage to instal and tally Ubuntu The first clip around.

You'll request to instal a free third-party USB formatting programme to do this, but don't worry, these are mini applications and they're highly easy to use. You Can delete it afterward if you don't want to support it.

Don't person a USB thrust to hand? You Can usage any outer drive for this process, too. Just beryllium alert earlier you format it that you mightiness want to backup immoderate existing information connected The thrust if it's important.

Step 1: Download and instal Rufus.

The Rufus site image: Nathan Drescher

Step 2: Launch Rufus erstwhile it is installed.

Step 3: Choose your USB thrust from The Device paper if it hasn't auto-populated.

Rufus pinch The USB thrust paper circled in red Nathan Drescher

Step 4: Choose Select, to The correct of The Boot Selection menu

Rufus pinch The prime fastener circled in red Nathan Drescher

Step 5: Select The Ubuntu ISO record you downloaded.

Rufus pinch The ISO record paper circled in red Nathan Drescher

Step 6: The Volume Label paper will update to show your type of Ubuntu. Leave The different settings arsenic is.

Step 7: Select Start.

Rufus pinch The Start fastener circled in red Image utilized pinch support by copyright holder

Step 8: Wait while Rufus writes The Ubuntu ISO to your USB. You Can spot The advancement in The position barroom astatine The bottom. It should return 10 minutes aliases less.

Step 9: Your USB is fresh erstwhile The Status barroom is greenish and displays "Ready."

Replace your OS pinch Ubuntu

Next, you're going to instal Ubuntu connected The machine aliases laptop of your choice. You Can take to partition your difficult thrust and dual-boot Ubuntu aliases to wholly overwrite your existent operating strategy and usage only Ubuntu.

Step 1: Insert The USB thumb thrust pinch your unrecorded Ubuntu ISO into The computer.

Step 2: Restart The device.

The machine should admit The USB thumb thrust and footwear from it immediately. However, if this doesn't happen, you will request to footwear your computer.

With The thumb thrust inserted, restart your computer. Then clasp down F12 during The startup and prime your USB instrumentality from The Device menu.

Step 3: Choose Install Ubuntu.

You Can test-drive Ubuntu nonstop from The USB. However, this is simply a constricted type of Ubuntu and will not prevention anything.

A achromatic surface pinch Install Ubuntu highlighted in white Nathan Drescher

Step 4: Choose your language, and prime Continue.

The Ubuntu connection action screen Nathan Drescher

Step 5: Select your preferred installation setup.

We urge choosing Normal installation unless you are utilizing an highly constricted computer.

Select Download updates while installing Ubuntu and Install third-party package for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware and further media formats.

Select Continue.

A grey Ubuntu installation type surface Nathan Drescher

Step 6: The Installation Type paper allows you to take betwixt overwriting your existent strategy pinch Ubuntu and dual-booting Ubuntu from a walled drive.

Select Erase disk and instal Ubuntu, followed by Install Now.

A grey Ubuntu instal type screen Nathan Drescher

Step 7: Choose your location.

Press Continue.

A level representation of The world pinch a greenish item complete The eastbound modular clip portion of North America Nathan Drescher

Step 8: Input your details. Add your name, your machine sanction (make this up), and prime a username. You'll besides request to create a password for logging into Ubuntu and immoderate Ubuntu services. Keep it unafraid but easy to remember.

You Can past prime to log in to your machine automatically aliases require a password each clip you usage it. Ignore The Use Active Directory action for now.

Select Continue.

A grey surface pinch various boxes for inputing names and information Nathan Drescher

Step 9: Ubuntu will now complete The installation.

A burgundy and purple Ubuntu instal surface pinch tips displayed while files load Nathan Drescher

Step 10: Select Restart now erstwhile The installation is finished.

A grey container pinch 'Restart Now' fastener connected The purple Ubuntu background Nathan Drescher

Step 11: Congratulation! You conscionable installed Ubuntu!

Install Ubuntu alongside your operating system

If you don't want to wholly erase your existent OS, beryllium it Windows, Mac OS, aliases different Linux distro, you'll request to instal Ubuntu connected a walled drive. Thankfully, The Ubuntu installer makes it easy to do this.

For starters, you'll request to spell done steps 1 to six in The "Replace your OS pinch Ubuntu" conception above. However, erstwhile you get to The Installation Type menu, you Can jump down to present and we'll locomotion you done The rest.

Step 1: From The Installation type menu, prime Something else and click Install now.

The Ubuntu instal prime paper pinch 'Something Else' circled in red Nathan Drescher

Step 2: Select New partition table connected The adjacent screen.

The Ubuntu partition wizard Nathan Drescher

Step 3: Select Continue connected The pop-up.

The Ubuntu partition informing popular up Nathan Drescher

Step 4: Double-click connected Free space to create a caller partition.

A caller partition model pop-up will appear.

Step 5: In The Create partition menu, group The size to 1024MB.

Set The type for caller partitions to Primary.

Set The location for The caller partitions to Beginning of this space.

In The Use as menu, prime Ext4 Journaling record system.

In The Mount point menu, prime /boot.

Select OK.

The Ubuntu footwear partition setup Nathan Drescher

Step 6: Double-click connected Free space to create a location partition.

Leave The free abstraction arsenic is.

Set The type for caller partitions to Primary.

Set The location for The caller partitions to Beginning of this space.

In The Use as menu, prime XFS journaling record system.

In The Mount point menu, prime /home.

Select OK.

The Ubuntu partition popular up pinch /home set Nathan Drescher

Step 7: Double-click connected Free space to create a guidelines record system.

Set The type for caller partitions to Primary.

Set The location for The caller partitions to Beginning of this space.

In The Use as menu, prime XFS journaling record system.

In The Mount point menu, prime /.

Select OK.

the Ubuntu partition popular up pinch / directory set Nathan Drescher

Step 8: Double-click connected Free space to create a switch partition to thief erstwhile RAM fills up.

Set size to 4096.

Set The type for caller partitions to Primary.

Set The location for The caller partitions to Beginning of this space.

In The Use as menu, prime Swap area.

Select OK.

The Ubuntu partition wizard pinch switch area setup Nathan Drescher

Step 9: Now that you've sewage a partition strategy group up, you Can complete your Ubuntu install.

The Ubuntu partition setup table Nathan Drescher

Step 10: Choose your location.

Press Continue.

Ubuntu region action pinch a level representation of The world and Eastern Time highlighted by a greenish strip Nathan Drescher

Step 11: Input your details.

Add your name, your machine sanction (make this up), and prime a personification name.

You'll besides request to create a password for logging into Ubuntu and immoderate Ubuntu services. Keep it unafraid but easy to remember.

You Can past prime to log in to your machine automatically aliases require a password each clip you usage it.

Ignore The Use Active Directory action for now.

Select Continue.

how to instal ubuntu sanction input screen Nathan Drescher

Step 12: Ubuntu will now complete The installation. Hit Restart now erstwhile The installation is complete.

Grey container pinch 'Restart Now' button Nathan Drescher

Installing Ubuntu connected a Windows PC FAQ

How agelong does it return to instal Ubuntu connected Windows?

This depends connected your ain method expertise and really fresh you are earlier you begin. If you've done each The preliminary record backing up, person The Ubuntu ISO fresh to usage and you've done this erstwhile aliases doubly before, you mightiness get it done in an hr aliases so. If this is your first clip and you're pursuing these steps 1 and a clip to beryllium sure, it'll astir apt return you a fewer hours. Don't beryllium disheartened, though. This process gets a batch quicker and easier The much times you do it.

What's The latest distribution of Ubuntu?

At The clip of penning in early 2024, The latest merchandise type of Ubuntu is 23.10 (Mantic Minotaur), merchandise in October 2023. The latest LTS merchandise is from Aril 2022, and is type 22.04 LTS (Jammy Jellyfish).

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Editor: Naga



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