BMW: Questions Abound Regarding Fuel Efficiency And Emissions From Series 3 PHEVs

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BMW i3 Electric Car

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Traditional car makers are challenged by needing to rephrase their attraction arsenic nan BEV gyration comes fast. This is nary much evident than astatine BMW (OTCPK:BMWYY) which has successful nan past has been deeply focused connected its motor technology. A recent article from JP Research catalogued nan awesome steps made precocious by BMW successful its electrification switch. However a bigger position of BMW suggests that nan institution still has activity to do. The problem is not constricted to German car makers. The Japanese car manufacture (notably Toyota (TM)) is successful worse style successful coping pinch nan BEV switch, while US bequest ICE car makers (Ford (F), General Motors (GM)) look to beryllium much aggressive. Here I update connected really BMW reports its emissions and substance ratio for its Series 3 PHEV models and really large companies successful Europe are pressuring nan European Commission to enactment to instruction afloat electrification.

BMW myths astir its PHEV CO2 emissions and substance efficiency

Given that BMW much than doubled (up 107.7%) its accumulation of afloat electrical vehicles successful 2022, it's puzzling arsenic to why nan institution would - arsenic immoderate propose - obfuscate astir its PHEV vehicles that incorporate an ICE (Internal Combustion Engine). BMW has now sold much than 500,000 afloat electrical vehicles and successful Q4 2022 it sold substantially much BEVs (87,560, up 98%) than PHEVs (62,951, up 20%).

So why does BMW supply hard-to-believe substance depletion and CO2 emissions information successful advertizing its PHEV vehicles? A caller detailed report by European cleanable carrier group Transport & Environment shows that accusation concerning (ICE-containing) PHEV vehicles does not bespeak reality.

The study includes 3 PHEV vehicles, BMW Series 3, Peugeot 308 (OTCPK:PEUGF) and Renault Megane (OTCPK:RNSDF).

The BMW Series 3 PHEV performed beneath nan claimed specifications successful position of CO2 emissions (36g/km charismatic WLTP versus 112g/km existent commuter route). Even utilizing BMW's "anticipatory mode" which requires sat nav programme specification resulted successful CO2 emissions of 67g/km.

The BMW bid 3 PHEV emitted much than 5x nan advertised CO2 emissions erstwhile powered by nan ICE during metropolis driving (204g/km vs. advertised WLTP 36g/km). This is applicable because studies show that galore PHEVs (especially institution cars) are rarely, if ever, charged.

The scope of nan BMW PHEV artillery successful metropolis driving was importantly little than nan charismatic WLTP figures (41.2 km existent world metropolis driving versus 56km charismatic WLTP range).

The study argues that PHEVs don't needfully behave arsenic advertised, arsenic successful metropolis tests nan BMW Series 3 PHEV successful geo-fencing mode still activated nan motor (twice). Moreover extracurricular of geo-fenced zones nan tests showed that nan BMW mightiness person been conserving nan artillery successful lawsuit it entered a geo-fenced zone. This would mean accrued emissions extracurricular of geo-fenced zones.

The study argues that it's almost intolerable for cities pinch zero-emissions zones to support nan integrity of their zoning if PHEV vehicles are allowed, because it's almost intolerable to show a PHEV activating its ICE for short bursts.

The study makes 7 cardinal recommendations:

i) PHEVs should not beryllium treated arsenic zero emissions vehicles moreover if they person geo-fencing capability

ii) Tax benefits of PHEV ownership should beryllium based connected existent world emissions reductions

iii) Privately-owned PHEVs should not get acquisition subsidies

iv) Company PHEVs shouldn't get acquisition subsidies

v) PHEV CO2 emissions should beryllium regularly updated pinch existent world data

vi) Carmakers should not beryllium capable to let PHEV batteries to beryllium charged by nan ICE

vii) Carmakers should amended and reward PHEV drivers for driving electrically (I'm not judge what this proposal means)

A cardinal result of nan study from Transport & Environment must surely beryllium a reassessment of really nan WLTP testing is done arsenic WLTP (Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure) was developed by nan European Union to supply a much realistic measurement of conveyance substance depletion and conveyance emissions.

BMW hasn't engaged successful nan discussion

The supra study has been wide canvassed each astir nan world, but I person not recovered a consequence from BMW. Indeed connected its ain website BMW seems to beryllium doubling down pinch difficult to comprehend claims astir its latest PHEV nan BMW X5 xDrive50e.

Under a conception connected specifications nan petrol depletion is described as: "Petrol consumption, mixed : 1.1 - 0.8 l/100km (256.8-353.1 mpg)." The CO2 emissions are described arsenic 26-18g/km successful nan WLTP cycle. These are brave statements that mightiness beryllium difficult to show successful existent world conditions, particularly erstwhile successful nan good people it looks for illustration nan motor is engaged supra 80km/h. The BMW X5 xDrive50e does person a ample (for a hybrid) artillery of 25.7kWh (which has up to 40 miles electrical driving range) but it besides has a 3 liter 6-cylinder in-line petrol engine. It has a powerful electrical centrifugal to supply impermanent boost effect. This seems to beryllium to springiness nan car added powerfulness and surely this must usage a batch of nan artillery for nan benignant of usage it is put to. The BMW X5 xDrive50e accelerates from remainder to 100km/h successful 4.8 seconds.

All of nan supra suggests that BMW is hoping to reliable retired nan study astir existent capacity arsenic opposed to capacity nether very circumstantial conditions that are not replicated successful normal driving.

Public sentiment is simply a powerful driver. Currently a ample number of car owners judge that a hybrid is much due for their driving habits than is simply a BEV. I'm judge this results from a batch of trading efforts by awesome car makers (especially BMW and Japanese car companies, particularly Toyota). The information that nan Transport and Environment study presents is challenging because it intelligibly conflicts pinch nan worldly that is successful nan brochures (as described supra for nan BMW X5 xDrive50e).

While nan Transport & Environment study is little damaging than nan findings astir Volkswagen's (OTCPK:VWAGY) manipulation of diesel emissions, I propose that not addressing nan PHEV communicative has immoderate risks for BMW. I tin spot why BMW prefers to dream it will spell distant because nan institution still makes a batch of cars pinch an ICE, but nan extremity is coming.

A individual position is my caller acquisition of acquiring a BYD Atto 3 BEV. I'm a spot astonished astatine nan number of group who, having seen and enjoyed a thrust successful nan BYD, person quickly changed their position astir hybrids. Simply put, each of nan promotions astir difficulties pinch BEVs successful charging, scope anxiety, substance savings are shown arsenic being acold from lived experience. My substance costs successful driving to, astir and from Sydney (~300km) is either thing if I complaint nan car during daytime (from star PV) aliases $A5 to afloat complaint nan conveyance astatine nighttime utilizing offpeak power. The costs of nan travel successful my aged Lexus IS250 is ~$A50. And I get location pinch ~150km still successful nan artillery (so nary request for charging enroute). To make it clearer, my BYD Atto 3 costs maine substantially little than a Toyota RAV4, which is simply a comparable vehicle.

Big companies petition nan European Commission concerning electrification of transport

This week 30 awesome companies (including Coca Cola, Ikea, Uber, SAP, AstraZeneca, Unilever) sent an open letter to nan European Commission concerning nan Greening Corporate Fleets Initiative requesting binding targets (by October 2023 astatine nan latest) that each caller cars and vans beryllium electrical by 2030. The inheritance to this missive is that wheeled carrier is nan largest root of greenhouse state emissions successful Europe, six retired of 10 cars sold successful Europe are institution cars and they thrust doubly arsenic overmuch arsenic backstage cars. Company cars participate nan 2nd manus marketplace aft 3-5 years. PHEV vehicles support nan ICE live and they're almost arsenic harmful arsenic a accepted ICE vehicle. The missive besides addresses nan request for accelerated description of charging infrastructure.

It isn't conscionable BMW, Toyota is simply a large hybrid/PHEV promoter

It's a surreal clip arsenic I spot grounds of misinformation astir vehicles pinch an ICE (hybrids/PHEV) constantly. Anna Krajinska, Vehicle Emissions Manager astatine Transport & Environment, summarized it good arsenic follows: "Plug-in hybrids are sold arsenic nan cleanable operation of a artillery for each your section needs and an motor for agelong distances. But real-world testing shows this is simply a myth. In metropolis tests, conscionable 1 of 3 PHEVs tested has nan electrical scope advertised, while each 3 emit much than claimed successful commuter driving. Lawmakers should dainty PHEVs based connected their existent emissions."

Toyota is yet to judge nan extremity of nan ICE and it positions hybrids connected its Australian website arsenic follows: "Toyota Hybrid Electric Vehicles harvester nan powerfulness of petrol engines and nan substance savings of electrical motors to springiness you little emissions without waiting for nan artillery to beryllium charged. Twenty years agone we group nan modular pinch nan Prius. Today we're still starring nan measurement pinch our Toyota hybrid electrical technology, helping to build a cleaner, greener early for each Australians."

Some of nan positions taken by Toyota are very difficult to make consciousness of. For illustration connected merchandise of nan latest Prius, it was claimed that nan hybrid opened up …. "a viable alternative to diesel and gasoline"…. spell figure…. past clip I looked a hybrid is simply a gasoline car pinch a alternatively mini artillery and substance depletion not a batch different from a normal ICE car.


Thirty awesome companies operating successful Europe person made clear that there's an urgency astir decarbonizing and that PHEVs are unacceptable arsenic they person a important ICE pinch resulting unacceptable emissions. In nan study discussed successful this article, nan BMW Series 3 PHEV performs substantially worse than nan figures propose that it does. This is unhelpful for customers wishing to beryllium conscious of nan request to decarbonize. BMW is simply a bequest car shaper pinch a proud contented concerning its good ICE (Internal Combustion Engines), but it needs to reside its ICE past. Failure to do truthful is simply a informing awesome for investors that there's a measurement to spell earlier BMW yet accepts that nan ICE era is ending.

I'm not a financial advisor, but I observe intimately nan progressively accelerated electrification of transport. I dream that my comments astir BMW's PHEV programs thief you arsenic you measure imaginable finance successful BMW.

Editor's Note: This article discusses 1 aliases much securities that do not waste and acquisition connected a awesome U.S. exchange. Please beryllium alert of nan risks associated pinch these stocks.

This article was written by

Keith Williams floor plan picture

Keith began his profession arsenic a investigation intelligence (developmental biology, biochemistry, molecular biology) astatine nan Australian National University, University of Oxford (UK), nan Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry (Munich, Germany) and yet Macquarie University (Sydney) wherever he held a Chair successful Biology and established nan Centre for Analytical Biotechnology. Pioneering nan area of proteomics (with Marc Wilkins successful his group coining nan term), Keith established nan world’s first government-funded Major National Proteomics Facility (Australian Proteome Analysis Facility) which was progressive pinch industrialising macromolecule science. Keith near academe pinch his squad to recovered Proteome Systems Ltd successful 1999 to commercialise proteomics. The institution had a beardown attraction connected intelligence property, engineering/technology and bioinformatics. As CEO he led nan institution to ASX listing successful 2004. Since 2005 Keith has been progressive successful caller business improvement successful biotech, e-health and different emerging technologies. Keith sees ambiance alteration and sustainable improvement arsenic a awesome rumor for humankind and besides a awesome business disruptor/risk and opportunity. Keith holds a Bachelor Agr Science from nan University of Melbourne and a PhD from nan Australian National University. He is simply a Fellow of nan Australian Academy of Technological Sciences & Engineering and received an AM (Member of nan Order of Australia) for services to nan Biotechnology Industry. He has received various manufacture awards including an Innovation Hero Medal from nan Warren Centre for Advanced Engineering. With 300 technological papers and galore patents written, Keith has a clear position of invention successful nan Biotechnology and Climate/Renewable Energy space. He is not a financial advisor but his position adds relevance to decision-making concerning feasibility and finance successful exertion innovation.

Disclosure: I/we person nary stock, action aliases akin derivative position successful immoderate of nan companies mentioned, and nary plans to initiate immoderate specified positions wrong nan adjacent 72 hours. I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my ain opinions. I americium not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I person nary business narration pinch immoderate institution whose banal is mentioned successful this article.

Editor: Naga

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